“Tea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. In China, in the eighth century, it entered the realm of poetry as one of the polite amusements. The fifteenth century saw Japan ennoble it into a religion of aestheticism – Teaism. Teaism is a cult founded on the adoration of the beautiful among the sordid facts of everyday existence. It inculcates purity and harmony, the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of the social order. It is essentially a worship of the Imperfect, as it is a tender attempt to accomplish something possible in this impossible thing we know as life.”

– Okakura Kakuzo, author of ‘The Book of Tea’

The Imperfection inside Chanoyu  (2016)

Thesis writing 

 A research writing into the history of Japanese Tea Ceremony – Chanoyu (pronounced as cha-no-yu). Through this history of chanoyu, fundamental ideas about life and aesthetics are derived, such as wabi, sabi and what does imperfection refer to?  On top of that, are these concepts still applicable to our current societies? 

An online copy of the writing can be found via Issuu.com